and munitions and a list of targets for the Soviet Air Force round Warsaw.
On August 12 and 16 additional information, even more detailed., was sent
again through British official channels to Moscow."
None of these telegrams were to receive an acknowledgment, not
even the ones sent by Captain Kalugin, who remained in Warsaw for six
On August 10, Moscow., in an ambiguously worded broadcast., stated
that the " Red Army and the Polish Forces (meaning those from the
U.S.S.R.) are attacking vigorously and soon the white-red Polish flags will
appear on the walls of Warsaw. Therefore., the action of the reactionary
Polish landowners in London who are endeavouring to weaken the
activities of the Red Army and the Polish Forces, must be condemned
On August 13 Moscow passed over to an open attack on the Polish
Government and Toss issued the following statement:—
" Recently reports appeared in the foreign Press emanating from Polish
radio and Press about a revolt begun in Warsaw on August 1, by order of
the Polish emigres in London. The Polish Press and radio of the emigre
Government in London state that the people revolting in Warsaw are in
contact with the Soviet Command and that the latter is not sending them
" The Soviet News Agency has authority to state that the statements of
the foreign Press are either the result of a misunderstanding or a libel on the
Soviet High Command. Tass is in possession of information that the
London Poles3 in quarters responsible for the Warsaw uprising., made no
attempt to co-ordinate the result with the Soviet High Command. The
responsibility for the Warsaw happenings thus lies entirely with the Polish
emigre quarters in London."
This was the first official voice of the Soviet Government on the
Warsaw rising. Here was no announcement of help for the struggling
city., but accusations levelled against the< guilty Polish emigres in London/
accusations of causing a c rising/ And from that moment Soviet propa-
ganda followed up the theme that the " semi-fascist Polish Government
in London, for reasons of prestige, prematurely gave the command for a
rising in order to involve Moscow in it, politically and militarily."*
" The reactionary gang of Sosnkowski and Raczkiewicz," broadcast the
spokesman of the c Union of Polish Patriots/ from Moscow on August 23,
" intended to make a political business of the blood being shed in Warsaw
in order to show they have influence in Poland. Sosnkowski and company
deliberately failed to come to an agreement with the Soviet Government and
did not inform the American and British Governments of their intentions ...
Sosnkowski, B6r5 and their civilian advisors in Poland and abroad, had only
one aim—to worsen Polish-Soviet relations ..."
The Soviet Press enlarged on this topic, and Krasny Plot (Red Fleet)
on the 25th August, for instance, emphasised that the " criminal act of the
Polish emigre instigators who had thrown the poorly armed groups of
insurgents into the battle of Warsaw, had been exposed by public opinion."
In addition to which statement, Krasny Plot went on to name General
* The Daily Worker and News Chronicle* August 13, 1944.